The multi-layered insulating system of the Generation III Extended Cold Weather Clothing System (GEN III ECWCS) allows the Soldier to adapt to varying mission requirements and environmental conditions. Materials offer a greater range of breathability and environmental protection, providing greater versatility in meeting Soldiers’ needs.
GEN III ECWCS utilizes an innovative design that reduces bulk, taking up 33 percent less space, and weighing 25 percent less than its predecessor systems. Each piece of GEN III ECWCS functions either alone or in concert with other components as a system, thus providing more options for the Soldier and enabling seamless integration with load-bearing equipment and body armor configurations. The Gen III ECWCS design allows moisture to escape and at the same time has water-resistant properties.
GEN III ECWCS is a 12-piece kit that enables Soldiers to utilize seven different layers, depending on the mission and environment. The system functions through insulation, which resists the transmission of heat, traps air, and wicks moisture away from the body; layering, which increases air space and allows easy adjustment to a Soldier’s activity level; and ventilation, which allows moisture to escape. By mixing and matching Gen III ECWCS components, Soldiers can protect themselves from temperatures ranging from 40 degrees Fahrenheit to minus 60 degrees.